Principal Chief Michell Hicks
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians
CHIEF MICHELL HICKS was born and raised most of his
life in Cherokee, North Carolina. He graduated from Cherokee High
School in 1982, received an AAS Degree in Accounting from Southwestern
Community College in 1990, and a BS in Business Management in 1987 from Western Carolina University. In 1994, he became a Certified Public Accountant. Hicks has held various positions with the Tribe dating back to 1987 when he served as the Assistant Business Manager for the Eastern Band until 1990. From 1990 to 1996, Hicks served as a Senior Certified Public Accountant with Mahoney, Cohen and Company in both their New York and Cherokee offices. In 1996, he returned to Tribal service as the Executive Director of Budget and Finance until his election to the Office of Principal Chief of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians in 2003.
He is a member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and serves on a joint Tribal, State and local government committee on Homeland Security. He also serves on several boards including the Museum of the Cherokee Indian and the Cherokee Preservation Foundation. Chief Hicks resides in the Painttown Community of the Qualla Boundary with his wife Marsha and their five children.
His hobbies include fishing, hunting, and golf. His greatest joy is spending time with his family.
Lincoln Scholar and Author
HAROLD HOLZER is one of the country's leading authorities on Abraham Lincoln and the political culture of the Civil War era. A prolific writer and lecturer, and frequent guest on television, Holzer serves as chairman of The Lincoln Bicentennial Foundation, successor organization to the U. S.
Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission (ALBC), to which he was appointed by President Clinton in 2000, and which he co-chaired from 2001–2010. President Bush, in turn, awarded Holzer the National Humanities Medal in 2008. Holzer has authored, co-authored and edited 42 books. His latest is Emancipating Lincoln: The Emancipation Proclamation in Text, Context, and Memory (Harvard University Press), which Henry Louis Gates Jr. called an “essential guide to Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation.” In addition to his writing, Holzer lectures throughout the nation. One of his programs, “Lincoln Seen and Heard” with actor Sam Waterston, has been staged and broadcast from such venues as the White House, the George H. W. Bush Presidential Library, the Clinton Presidential Library, the Library of Congress, and Ford’s Theatre.
A former journalist, and political and government press secretary (for both Congresswoman Bella Abzug and Governor Mario Cuomo), Holzer has served as an executive at the Metropolitan Museum of Art since 1992. He and his wife, Edith, live in Rye, New York, and have two grown daughters and a grandson.
David G. Anderson, PhD
Archaeologist and Professor at UT Knoxville
DAVID G. ANDERSON is a Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. He received his PhD from the
University of Michigan in 1990, having earlier received an MA from the University of Arkansas in 1979 and a BA from Case Western Reserve University in 1972. All three degrees were in anthropology. He has conducted archaeological fieldwork in the Southeastern, Southwestern, and Midwestern United States, and in the Caribbean. Anderson has work documented in some 400 publications and meeting papers, including some 60 books and technical monographs. He has served as President of the Southeastern Archaeological Conference and received its C. B. Moore Award for Excellence in Southeastern Archaeology, as well as the Dissertation prize, the Cultural Resources Management research award, and a presidential recognition award from the Society for American Archaeology. Professional interests include exploring the development of cultural complexity in Eastern North America from initial colonization onwards, climate change and its impact on human societies, teaching, and developing technical and popular syntheses of archaeological research.
He is the founding director of PIDBA (Paleoindian Database of the Americas) available online at http://pidba.utk.edu/.
Stephen N. Dennis, Ph.D.
Historian and Author
“Unknown, or Unknowable? The Archaeologist
and the Sociologist”
Neal Dennis was born in LaFayette, Georgia and
is a great-great grandson of Abraham Belton Neal,
who had settled in Walker County’s West
Armuchee Valley by 1840. He is a graduate of the
Baylor School in Chattanooga and the University
of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He received
a Ph.D. from Cornell University and a law degree
from Duke Law School.
Dennis’s career focused on legal issues
pertaining to historic buildings and included
an opportunity to help pre-pare arguments to the
United States Supreme Court. He helped create
the nation’s first state-wide revolving
fund for historic buildings in North Carolina.
Following that, he accepted a legal position with
the National Trust for Historic Preservation in
Mr. Dennis has recently published A Proud Little
Town, a comprehensive history of LaFayette.
He had previously written three books about Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania architecture and community. During
the course of his most recent research, Mr. Dennis
reviewed military records that led to five chapters
of the book detailing Fort Cumming and the Cherokee
Removal. With continued research, he hopes to write
two more books, one dealing with the forced removal
of the Cherokee, and the other about the Union Army
occupation of Chattanooga during the Civil War.
Civil War Historian and Musician
and the Chattanooga Boys
Civil War Songs and Stories
and raised in Birmingham, Alabama, Bobby Horton
de-veloped his lifelong passion for music at an
early age. With musicians in the fam-ily, he was
exposed to a variety of music from big bands,
jazz and classical to Southern gospel, sacred
harp, and “hillbilly.”
Horton is a multi-instrumentalist, com-poser,
producer and music historian. He has produced
and performed music scores for thirteen PBS films
by noted documentarian Ken Burns, including The
Civil War, Baseball, and National Parks: America’s
in 1954, the Chattanooga
Boys Choir is a music education
and performance organization. It includes over 140
choristers in five different ensembles for grades
3 through 12. With a wealth of Civil War history
in the Chattanooga area, it is fulfilling to give
breath to the songs that were already living in
the battlefields, cemeteries and strategic strongholds
that many of us busily pass by every day. Acknowledging
that many soldiers who fought on both sides were
the same age as several of the boys performing on
this program makes this evening’s presentation
even more poignant.
Author, Artist, and Former National Park Service
Barr is an award-winning novelist and New York
Times best-selling author. She has a growing number
of Anna Pigeon mysteries to her credit as well
as numerous other books, short stories, and articles.
She currently resides in New Orleans with her
husband, four magical cats, and two adorable dogs.
Nevada was born in the small western town of Yerington,
Nevada, and raised on a mountain airport in the
out of the nest, Nevada fell into the theatre,
receiving her BA in speech and drama and her MFA
in acting before making a pilgrimage to New York
City, then Minneapolis, Minnesota. For eighteen
years she worked on stage, in commercials and
industrial training films, and did voice-overs
for radio. During this time she became interested
in the environmental movement and began working
in the national parks during the summers.
first novel, Bittersweet was published
in 1983. The Anna Pigeon series, featuring a female
park ranger as the protagonist, started when she
married her love of writing with her love of the
wilderness. The fictional Anna Pigeon is a law-enforcement
ranger with the National Park Service, and readers
find her in any number of national parks solving
despicable crimes. Sixteen Anna Pigeon national
park mysteries have been published, with her next
book, The Rope, to be released in January
Barr is the 2011 recipient of the Robin W. Winks
Award, given annually by the National Parks Conservation
Association to people and/or organizations recognized
for enhancing public understanding of the national
Dr. Lynne P. Sullivan
Museum Curator, Professor at UTK, Archaeologist, Author
Mounds, Towns, and the WPA: The Late Prehistory
of Harrison & Dallas Bays
P. Sullivan is Curator of Archaeology and Adjunct Professor
of Anthropology at the Frank H. McClung Museum, University
of Tennessee in Knoxville. Dr. Sullivan’s research
interests are the societal and community organization
of Mississippian Period cultures. She has studied these
late prehistoric cultures of eastern Tennessee for over
25 years. Prominent in her research are the large collections
from extensive excavations conducted by New Deal-era
archaeologists before the flooding of TVA reservoirs.
The National Science Foundation has funded her work, and
she has published numerous articles and eight books, including
The Prehistory of the Chickamauga Basin and,
most recently, Mississippian Mortuary Practices.
Dr. Sullivan has served as editor for Southeastern
Archaeology, the journal of the Southeastern Archaeological
Conference, and chair of the Society for American Archaeology’s
Committee on Museums, Collections, and Curation. She also
participated in meetings that led to the inclusion of
Moccasin Bend in the National Park system. Before returning
to Tennessee in 1999, Dr. Sullivan was the Curator of
Anthropology at the New York State Museum.
A native of Cleveland, Tennessee, she received a B.A.
from the University of Tennessee and then the M.S. and
Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
National Park Service Superintendent, Deputy Director
for Native American Relations
National Park Service: Whose Story?
Mandan-Hidatsa Indian, Gerard Baker grew up on the Fort
Berthold Reservation in North Dakota. His youth was
spent breaking horses, running cows, and doing chores
on his family's ranch. At night, he and his family listened
to stories told by tribal elders—stories of warfare,
great hunts, tricksters, and survival. When he joined
the National Park Service, Baker held fast to his native
identity, learning more about his people's history and
traditions, and researching and collecting elders’
Baker brought this knowledge to Little Bighorn Battlefield
National Monument in his first job as a Park Service superintendent.
He radically changed the park's interpretive program,
bringing Native peoples back into the park and Native
perspectives back into the story told there. As the first
superintendent of Lewis and Clark National Trail, Baker
oversaw the creation of a nationwide exhibit that brought
the story of the explorers and the Indians they met to
crowds around the country. While superintendent of Mount
Rushmore, Baker continued to act as an agent for change.
He brought an Indian perspective into the park's interpretive
program, telling a more complete story of the site. There,
he expanded his vision to embrace the vast diversity of
cultural traditions and stories that make up our national
Recently retired, after serving as NPS Deputy Director
for Native American Relations, Baker makes his home in
A. Wilson Greene
Author, Civil War Historian,
Executive Director of Pamplin Historical Park
Blue, Gray and Red: Native Americans and the Civil
Wilson Greene has served since 1995 as the founding
Executive Director of Pamplin Historical Park and the
National Museum of the Civil War Soldier located near
Petersburg, Virginia. Opened in 1999, the museum is
dedicated to the common soldier, north and south, and
features galleries that trace a soldier’s experience
during the war.
Greene served as the first president of the Association
for the Preservation of Civil War Sites from 1990 to
1994, and is a Study Leader for the Smithsonian Institution
for their Civil War programs. He is also on the National
Board of the
Society of Civil War Historians, and has worked as a National
Park Service historian at a variety of locations, including
Fredericksburg National Military Park and Petersburg National
Battlefield. Mr. Greene served two terms on the presidential
appointed board of the Institute of Museum and Library
Services, which oversees best practices and grants of
museums and libraries throughout the country.
The author of more than 20 published works on the Civil
War, Mr. Greene’s recent books include Whatever
You Resolve To Be: Essays on Stonewall Jackson and
Petersburg, VA: 1861-1865: Confederate City in the
Crucible of War. His latest book is The Final
Battles of the Petersburg Campaign, published by
the University of Tennessee Press. Mr. Greene has recently
moved to Hamilton County, Tennessee.
Dr. Nicholas Honerkamp |
Nicholas Honerkamp - Archaeologist, UC Foundation Professor
Honerkamp has been an archaeologist at the University of Tennessee
at Chattanooga since 1980. He is a full-time faculty member
in the department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Geography,
and was the recipient of the UT National Alumni Association
Outstanding Teacher Award and a UC Foundation Professorship.
He also serves as the Director of the Institute of Archaeology,
and has generated over a million dollars in contracts and
grant research at UTC.
his BA, MA, and Ph.D. degrees in Anthropology at the University
of Florida under the direction of Dr. Charles H. Fairbanks,
and like his mentor he has pursued research at both prehistoric
and historic sites for his entire career.
reports and publications include articles on British colonial
diets in the Southeast, urban archaeology in Chattanooga,
Savannah, and Charleston, industrial archaeology at the Bluff
Furnace site, the history of the Citico Mound, and his most
recent project was the excavation of a 5600-year-old Middle
Archaic campsite on the banks of the Tennessee River. He is
an avid long distance runner and biker (road and mountain),
and plays bass guitar in two rock bands in Chattanooga.
will present a program entitled “Creek Or Cherokee at
Moccasin Bend: An Archaeological Perspective” in which
he will give an overview of the archaeological evidence—or
lack thereof—for linking prehistoric remains with historically
known Native American groups.
Charles W. Maynard |
W. Maynard - Author, Storyteller, National Park Friend
W. Maynard is an author, storyteller, and ordained United
Methodist minister who is currently serving as the Director
of Development for Camp and Retreat Ministries of the Holston
Conference of the United Methodist Church. He grew up locally
and is a graduate of Chattanooga High School. He has written
extensively about national parks, and is the author of 28
books, 21 of which are non-fiction books for children. Recently,
he has written articles for Tennessee Conservationist
and Smokies Life magazines.
received a B.A from Emory and Henry College in Virginia, and
a M. Div. from the Candler School of Theology at Emory University
in Atlanta, Georgia. He has served as a pastor in Georgia
and Tennessee and was the founding executive director of Friends
of Great Smoky Mountains National Park, and in his eight years
in that position developed the Friends into an organization
with an annual budget of over $1.8 million.
he worked as Director of Advancement for the International
Storytelling Center in Jonesborough, TN. Currently, he works
with Camp Lookout, a United Methodist camp on Lookout Mountain.
is a member of the Board of Directors for the Appalachian
Trail Conservancy and chairs the National Parks Conservation
Association Southeast Regional Council. Charles is an avid
hiker, amateur astronomer, historian, and naturalist. He and
his wife, Janice Scott Maynard (also a native of Chattanooga)
have two daughters and two granddaughters. The Maynards live
in Jonesborough, TN, near the International Storytelling Center.
Charles’ parents, John and Lou, still reside on Signal
Honorable Dirk Kempthorne |
Honorable Dirk Kempthorne - Secretary of Interior 2006-2009
began his commitment to public service as the highly successful
mayor of the City of Boise (1985-1992). As mayor, he helped
direct a renaissance in the state's capital city that resulted
in record growth, economic development, and numerous national
elected to the U.S. Senate in November 1992. His first bill,
to end unfunded federal mandates on state and local governments,
became Senate Bill 1 in the 104th Congress. He also authored
the new Safe Drinking Water Act in 1996. Both bills were signed
into law. As a member of the Armed Services Committee, he
worked to improve the quality of life for American military
personnel, reservists, their families, and veterans.
was elected governor of Idaho in 1998 and reelected in 2002.
As Governor he obtained the largest appropriation for state
parks since their creation. He championed mandatory sentences
for methamphetamine manufacturing. He worked with neighboring
states to develop a state-based solution for returning salmon
runs in the region.
was confirmed as the 49th Secretary of the U.S. Department
of the Interior on May 26, 2006. In preparation for the 100th
anniversary of the creation of the National Park Service he
led the Centennial Challenge, a groundbreaking public private
partnership to repair our parks and encourage visitation.
Secretary Kempthorne obtained the largest operating budget
for national parks in their history. A true outdoorsman, the
Secretary frequently highlighted our national parks as a great
American treasure and encouraged families and children to
get outdoors and explore our lands.
Robert G. Stanton |Robert
G. Stanton – Former Director of the National Park Service
Recently appointed Undersecretary of Interior by President Barack
Obama, Robert G. Stanton, former Director of the National Park Service,
U.S. Department of the Interior, has served as a Senior Fellow at
Texas A&M University in the Department of Recreation, Park, and
Tourism Sciences. He has served as a Visiting Professor at Howard
and Yale Universities, consultant for the Natural Resources Council
of America, and as the IUCN (World Conservation Union) ambassador
for the Fifth World Parks Congress held in September, 2003, in Durban,
South Africa. A native of Fort Worth, Texas, Mr. Stanton grew up in
Mosier Valley, one of the oldest communities in Texas founded by African
Americans shortly after the Civil War. He is the Chairman of the National
Council of the National Parks Conservation Association and Chairman
Emeritus and co-founder of the Trustees of the African American Experience
Fund of the National Park Foundation.
Russell S. Bonds |Russell
S. Bonds – Author
Stealing the General: The Great Locomotive Chase and the First
Medal of Honor
Russell S. Bonds is an in-house lawyer at The Coca-Cola Company in
Atlanta and a lifelong resident of north Georgia. He was born in Atlanta
and grew up in Marietta, just a few blocks from the spot where James
Andrews and his men first boarded the General on the morning of April
12, 1862. Russ received a B.S. with honor from Georgia Tech and a
law degree magna cum laude from the University of Georgia, where he
was the Executive Articles Editor of the Georgia Law Review. He has
published several articles and reviews on Civil War topics in national
publications, including "Pawn Takes Bishop: The Death of Lieutenant
General Leonidas Polk," Civil War Times (May 2006) and "Lieutenant
Tecumseh: Sherman's First March Through Georgia, 1844," Civil
War Times (forthcoming, 2007). He lives in Marietta, Georgia with
his wife and three daughters.
Alfred Berryhill |Alfred
Berryhill – Second Chief, Muscogee (Creek) Nation
As Second Chief, Alfred Berryhill serves as Chairman of the Tribal
Trade and Commerce Board, and the Muscogee Nation Business Enterprise
Board. He also serves on the Claremore Indian Hospital Board, Okmulgee
Creek Council House Board, Five Civilized Tribes Museum Board, and
the Festival Committee Board. The Second Chief speaks, reads, writes,
and sings in Mvskoke and is a Decon/ Exhorter, at the Tallahassee
Indian Methodist Church, the church his father once pastored. He belongs
to the Alligator Clan and his tribal town is Arbeka. His father was
of the deer clan. Mr. Berryhill has served as the Administrative Inter
(Economic Development) Bureau of Indian Affairs, Washington D.C.;
He is a graduate of Sequoyah High School and Haskell Institute. He
also attended Oklahoma State University, majoring in business administration.
Mr. Berryhill resides in Okmulgee County, Okalahoma and has a son,
daughter-in-law and two grandsons.
W. Richard West, Jr. |
RICHARD WEST, JR., founding director of the Smithsonian's
National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI), oversaw the
successful opening of its three facilities: the George Gustav
Heye Center in New York City, the museum's Cultural Resources
Center in Suitland, MD and its signature National Mall museum
in Washington, DC. West has spent much of his life, both professionally
and personally, working with American Indians on cultural,
educational, legal and governmental issues. He says, "Native
peoples are profoundly connected to their origins, the places
they come from. These places are the source of community identity
and cultural continuity." The Chattanooga region is the
ancestral homeland for many American Indians, and the interpretive
center on Moccasin Bend will tell their stories. West is Southern
Cheyenne and a member of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of
Don Barger |
Barger, director of the Southeast Regional Office of NPCA and
Emily Jones, program coordinator for the region presented an
evening of spectacular pictures and inspiration from our national
National Parks Conservation Association president Tom Kiernan
says, "America's national parks are the soul of our nation, protecting
and celebrating our country's core values and treasures." The
NPCA is the nation's leading park advocacy group and, since 1919,
its mission has been to protect and enhance America's National Parks
for present and future generations. The organization identifies and
analyzes threats to our national park system and then works at local,
state and federal levels to address those challenges. Recent issues
include examining how global warming, pollution and decreased funding
affect our parks.
C. BEARSS, National Park Chief Historian Emeritus and Civil
War expert, served as National Park Service Chief Historian
1981-1995. Bearss is considered the pre-eminent Civil War battlefield
expert in the country and was featured in Ken Burns's Civil
War series. He travels and lectures over 200 days a year
and is sought after because he "brings history alive to
people of all knowledge levels . . . with rich and colorful
anecdotes." Bearss has been described as "simply a
genius of the battlefields of the Civil War, and has the ability
to recall the campaign like no other, showing a knowledge of
terrain and troop movements that is unparalleled. And, most
importantly, Ed knows how to personalize the action and participants
in a way that will thrill you."
Duane H. King |
H. KING is Executive Director of the Gilcrease Museum
in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Prior to joining the the Gilcrease, he
directed the Southwest Museum in Los Angeles and was the Assistant
Director of the Smithsonian Institution's George Gustav Heye
Center, National Museum of the American Indian, in New York
City. Dr. King also previously served as Executive Director
of the Cherokee National Historical Society, Tahlequah, Oklahoma,
and Director of the Museum of the Cherokee Indian in Cherokee,
North Carolina. Dr. King has taught at the University of Tennessee
in Knoxville and Chattanooga, Cleveland State College, Northeastern
State University, and held the first endowed chair in Cherokee
Studies at Western Carolina University. Dr. King serves as
an Honorary Member of the Friends Board of Directors and consulted
with the Chattanooga Public Art Committee during the design
and construction of the Cherokee artwork on the 21st Century
Brian O'Neill |
O'NEILL is the National Park Service Superintendent of
Golden Gate National Parks which encompasses 76,000 acres
of land within Marin, San Francisco and San Mateo counties.
It is the most visited unit of the National Park System in
America, receiving over 20 million visitors annually, and
is one of the largest national park areas adjacent to any
major city in the world.
O'Neill has been a leader in the National Park Service in
the area of partnerships and creative, entrprenurial park
management. He first met members of the Friends Board of Directors
at a National Park Service (NPS) Parks and Partners Workshop
in 2003. Since then, he has continued to advise and support
the Friends in its NPS partnership endeavors with his creative
and innovative approach.
Douglas R. Cubbison |
R. CUBBISON is the Command Historian with the 10th Mountain
Division, Fort Drum, New York. Previously, he was the Cultural
Resources Manager for the U.S. Military Academy, West Point,
New York for five years.
a 1980 Distinguished Military Graduate of Indiana University
of Pennsylvania and served ten years of active and active
reserve military duty. Mr. Cubbison has four years experience
serving as a test engineer with Department of Defense strategic
and tactical weapons systems and has over fifteen years experience
performing National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), National
Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), and Cultural Resources Management
regulatory compliance. Mr. Cubbison is widely published and
his areas of particular interest are 18th and 19th Century
American Military and Social History. He has worked with the
Friends since 1997 and has developed a comprehensive Preservation
and Interpretation Plan for Civil War Resources on Moccasin